Hamerschlag, William

Male 1841 - 1907  (65 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Hamerschlag, William  [1
    Alt. Birth 19 Sep 1835  Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Wilhelm Hamerschlag
    Born 19 Sep 1841  Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Gender Male 
    Birth 19 Sep 1841  Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6
    CAUS chronic valvular heart disease 
    Alt. Birth 19 Sep 1843  Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • 32
    Citizenship 1856  Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1850-1856  Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Emigration 15 Aug 1864  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Ship Helene From Antwerp Or Bremerhaven, manifest 00015285
      age 23
      destination NY
      Port of entry Baltimore
      from Castle Garden:
      WILHELM HAMMERSCHLAG
      Age 23
      Sex M
      Literacy U
      Arrived 1864-08-15
      Origin Germany
      Port Bremerhaven
      Occupation Unknown
      Last Residence KELLNER
      Destination NEW YORK
      Plan Unknown
      Ship Helene
      Passage Unknown

      1903 passport app says he left Bremerhaven on Bark Anna 13 June 1864
    Residence 31 Mar 1866  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Declaration of Intent for naturalization in Baltimore criminal court
    Directory 1867-1868  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag Wm junk 24 Harrison, not in 1863-5 or 1868-70 directories
    Directory 1868  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • clerk, 41 First Avenue
    Census 1870  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 1st enumeration, 1870 New York NEW YORK 7-WD 9-E D Series: M593 Roll: 980 Page: 444
      HAMERSOHLAY WM 29 M W BOHE NY NEW YORK 7-WD 9-E D 1870
    Census 1870  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 2nd enumeration 363 Madison,
      Name: Wile Hammerschlag
      Estimated Birth Year: abt 1841
      Age in 1870: 29
      Birthplace: Austria
      Home in 1870: New York Ward 7 District 12 , New York, New York
      Image Source: Year: 1870; Census Place: New York Ward 7 District 12 , New York, New York; Roll: M593_1019; Page: 442; Image: 315.
    Directory 1870  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    • liquors; 363 Madison St.
    Naturalization 21 Oct 1870  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Superior Court of the City of New York, Petition for Naturalization: Name: William Hmerschlag Naturalization Date: 21 Oct 1870 Former Nationality: Emperor of Austria Title and Location of Court: Superior Court, New York County Volume: 235 Record Number: 208
      address 363 Madison St.
      petition for naturalization and naturalization certificate have same date

      Witness 1 Full Name: WILLIAM MEILAUM
    Directory 1872  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • William Hammerschlag, liquors, 223 Second
    Residence 1872  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    • 223 Second St., checked 1870 census, 2nd enumeration, ward 11, dist 8--not at this address
    Directory 1873  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • William Hammerschlag, liquors, 223 Second
    Passport 21 Apr 1873  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Name: William Hamerschlag
      Birth Date: 23 Sep 1841
      Birth Place: Bohemia, Austria
      Passport Issue Date: 21 Apr 1873
      Passport Includes a Photo: N
      Source: Passport Applications, 1795-1905
    Travel 23 Aug 1873  Bremen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • manifest 00033080 From Bremen To New York On Ship Deutschland, to Castle Garden
    Directory 1874  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • William Hamerschlag, liquors, 223 Second
    Directory 1875  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • William Hamerschlag, liquors, 223 Second
    Directory 1877  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • 8 N. High St., liquors
    Directory 1878  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [14
    • 8 N. High St. liquors,
    Directory 1879  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • 8 N. High St.
    Census 1880  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 8 N. High St.
      1880 Census Place:4th Ward, Precinct 2, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
      Source:FHL Film 1254498 National Archives Film T9-0498 Page 629D
      RelationSexMarrRaceAgeBirthplace
      William HAMERSCHLAGSelfMMW39BOHEMIA
      Occ:Wholesale Liquor Bus.Fa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Fannie HAMERSCHLAGWifeFMW34BOHEMIA
      Occ:Keeping HouseFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Annie HAMERSCHLAGDauFSW12NY
      Occ:At HomeFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Edwin HAMERSCHLAGSonMSW10NY
      Occ:At SchoolFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Catherine HAMERSCHLAGDauFSW9NY
      Occ:At SchoolFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Arthur HAMERSCHLAGSonMSW7NY
      Occ:At SchoolFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Martha HAMERSCHLAGDauFSW5NY
      Occ:At HomeFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Royal HAMERSCHLAGSonMSW4NY
      Occ:At HomeFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Richard HAMERSCHLAGSonMSW1MD
      Occ:At HomeFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Joseph HAMERSCHLAGBrotherMSW35BOHEMIA
      Occ:Bar KeeperFa: BOHEMIAMo: BOHEMIA
      Mary A. MALONEOtherFWW53PA
      Occ:SeamstressFa: PAMo: PA
      Anna MATIRGORSKEROtherFSW22PRUSSIA
      Occ:ServantFa: PRUSSIAMo: PRUSSIA
    Occupation 1880  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • wholesale liquors
    DIR 1881  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, Wm Fayette and Caroline
    Directory 1881  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    • patent medicines, 1881 William Hamerschlag 8 N. High St. patent medicine Baltimore City 1881 Vienna stomach salt, cures dyspepsia
    Residence 1881  Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 8 N. High St., liquors
    Residence 1881-1882  Omaha, Douglas Co., NE Find all individuals with events at this location  [16
    • 1508 Leavenworth, not in 1883 or 1884 Omaha directories

      Name: Wm Hamerschlag
      Residence Year: 1881
      Street Address: 1508 Leavenworth
      Residence Place: Omaha, Nebraska
      Publication Title: Omaha, Nebraska, City Directory, 1881
    Directory 1883  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, William liquors 225 Second
    Directory 1885  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, WIlliam compounder h. 221 E. 109th
    Directory 1886  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, William, bartender, h 221 E 109th
    Directory 1888  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, William, clerk, h 221 E 109th
    Directory 1889  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hamerschlag, William, clerk, h 2 Sutton Place
    Occupation 1890  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    • Liquors, 305 E. 54Th St.
    Residence 1890  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    • 2 Sutton Place
    Residence 1892  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Name: William Hamerschlag
      Residence Year: 1892
      Street Address: 2 Sutton pi
      Residence Place: New York, New York
      Publication Title: New York, New York, City Directory, 1892
    Residence 1894  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Name: William Hamerschlag
      Residence Year: 1894
      Street Address: 333 E 58th
      Residence Place: New York, New York
      Occupation: Compounder
      Publication Title: New York, New York, City Directory, 1894
    Directory 1899  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • clerk h. 35 E 9th, Hammerschlag, Wm
    Census 1900  Leonia, Bergen, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hammerschlag, Wm, head, retired
    Directory 1900  New York Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Hammerschlag Wm, h 113 W. 133d, Borough: Manhattan Block: 1918 Lot: 24
      Police Precinct: 32
      Address, Zip Code: 113 WEST 133 STREET, 10030
      Owner: FIRE DEPARTMENT
      Lot Area: 6660 sf
      Lot Frontage: 66.67' Lot Depth: 99.92'
      Number of Buildings: 1 Year Built: 1961
      Number of Floors: 2 Bldg Gross Area: 8567 sf
      Flr Area Ratio: 1.29 Max Allow Flr Area Ratio: 3.44
      Residential Units: 0 Total # of Units: 1
      Land Use: Public Facilities and Institutions
      Zoning: R7-2 CITI Zoning Guide
      Comercial Overlay: N/A Zoning Map #: 06A
      Source: Dept. of City Planning, PLUTO 2005
    Directory 1901  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • clerk h 35 E. 9th
    Passport 23 Jun 1903  Bremen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • Name: William Hamerschlog
      Birth Date: 19 Sep 1841
      Birth Place: Libosovice, Bohemia
      Residence: Leonia, New Jersey
      Passport Issue Date: 23 Jun 1903
      Passport Includes a Photo: N
      Source: Passport Applications, 1795-1905
    Travel 4 Sep 1903  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    • Returned From Bremen Via Ellis Island On The Barbarossa With Annie, Edith, Alice, Dorothea And Albert Hamerschlag Age 27 From Friedland
    Census 1905  Leonia, Bergen, New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • NJ State Census; living with Bernard Michael family
    Death Certificate 7 Jan 1907  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • #822, gives parents as Albert Hamerschlag and Regina Mayer
      age 65 years, 4 months
    Member New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [19
    • Independent Lodge 185, Masons
    Ship Deutschland Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Occupation
    • Chemist, Distiller
    _UID FB393B8821BF49208F1F77E7D40F73EE90D3 
    Died 7 Jan 1907  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    • 241 W. 142nd St, tenement
      chronic valvular heart disease, associated with chronic rheumatism
    Buried Hawthorne, Westchester Co., NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Section 2, Plot 140, Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Westchester County, NY
    Person ID I9448  Buyer, Stier and Related Families
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2015 

    Father Hamerschlag, Markus II,   b. Abt 1800,   d. 3 Jul 1865, Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 65 years) 
    Mother Schoen, Katharina,   b. Abt 1806,   d. 1856, Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Married 1840  [3
    _UID CB8440C2E9424FF1AB7422C9B904B2C6FB6E 
    Documents
    A Hamerschlag family tree
    A Hamerschlag family tree
    drawn by Francois Koch
    hamerschlag markus katharina schon marriage 1840.jpg
    hamerschlag markus katharina schon marriage 1840.jpg
    FOLIOS
    A Hamerschlag family tree prepared by Alice Gamer
    A Hamerschlag family tree prepared by Alice Gamer
    probably in the 1950s
    Family ID F5673  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Brummel, Fannie,   b. 17 Nov 1844, Kuzova CZ (Nova Ves/ Neu Wallisdorf, Bohemia) Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jun 1902, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Married Abt 1867  New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location 
    _UID EFDF51CC3CB841A7AD7C0FBB25DE0620E313 
    Children 
     1. Hamerschlag, Anna Kate,   b. 1 Feb 1868, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Jan 1948, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     2. Hamerschlag, Edwin,   b. 26 Jun 1869, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jul 1953  (Age 84 years)
     3. Hamerschlag, Catherine,   b. 24 Mar 1871, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1962, Tampa, Hillsborough Co., FL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 91 years)
     4. Hamerschlag, Arthur Arton,   b. 25 Nov 1872, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1927, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     5. Hamerschlag, Martha,   b. 13 Sep 1874, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Feb 1962, Framingham, Middlesex, Mass, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     6. Hamerschlag, Royal P.,   b. 31 Jan 1876, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jul 1951, Jackson, WY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     7. Hamerschlag, Richard Isaac,   b. 10 Jul 1878, Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1953, Bronx, NY Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     8. Hamerschlag, Benjamin,   b. 13 Jan 1880, Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 9 Jun 1880, Baltimore, MD Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 0 years)
     9. Hamerschlag, Herbert A.,   b. 25 Jul 1885, New York, NY Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Sep 1908, Denver, CO Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)
    Documents
    A Hamerschlag family tree
    A Hamerschlag family tree
    drawn by Francois Koch
    Michael and Hamerschlag Handwritten Family Information
    Michael and Hamerschlag Handwritten Family Information
    possibly by Annie Hamerschlag Michael
    Histories
    Hamerschlag and Michael Families
    Hamerschlag and Michael Families
    Links to some Google Maps to illustrate specific family locations
    Links to some Google Maps to illustrate specific family locations
    some external maps showing specific locations, addresses, etc.:

    Patterson, Stier, and Related Families in Maryland and Virginia

    European Locations for Buyer, Stein, Michael, Hamerschlag, Brummel and related families

    U.S. Locations for Buyer, Stein, Michael, Hamerschlag, Brummel and related families

    Pittsburgh Family Locations-Agnew,…
    FOLIOS
    A Hamerschlag family tree prepared by Alice Gamer
    A Hamerschlag family tree prepared by Alice Gamer
    probably in the 1950s
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F49  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsAlt. Birth - 19 Sep 1835 - Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 19 Sep 1841 - Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 19 Sep 1841 - Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsAlt. Birth - 19 Sep 1843 - Libosovice CZ (Libosovice, Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCitizenship - 1856 - Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1850-1856 - Sobotka CZ (Sobotka, Jicin, Bohemia) Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsEmigration - 15 Aug 1864 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 31 Mar 1866 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1867 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1867-1868 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1868 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1870 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1870 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1870 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsNaturalization - 21 Oct 1870 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1872 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1872 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1873 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPassport - 21 Apr 1873 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTravel - 23 Aug 1873 - Bremen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1874 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1875 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1877 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1878 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1879 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1880 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1880 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDIR - 1881 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1881 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1881 - Baltimore, MD Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1881-1882 - Omaha, Douglas Co., NE Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1883 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1885 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1886 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1888 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1889 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - 1890 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1890 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1892 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1894 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1899 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1900 - Leonia, Bergen, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1900 - New York Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDirectory - 1901 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPassport - 23 Jun 1903 - Bremen, Germany Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTravel - 4 Sep 1903 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - 1905 - Leonia, Bergen, New Jersey, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath Certificate - 7 Jan 1907 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMember - - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsShip - - Deutschland Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 7 Jan 1907 - New York, NY Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Hawthorne, Westchester Co., NY Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    front porch1.jpg
    front porch1.jpg
    Hamerschlag brothers Friedland
    Hamerschlag brothers Friedland
    photo courtesy of Tosh Sims
    taken in Friedland, Bohemia, unknown date (William, Annie, Edith, Alice, and Dorothea visited Europe in 1903; could have been taken then)
    Sobotka in northern Bohemia
    Sobotka in northern Bohemia
    Sobotka in northern Bohemia
    Sobotka in northern Bohemia

    Documents
    Hamerschlag William death certificate page 1
    Hamerschlag William death certificate page 1
    Hamerschlag William death certificate page 2
    Hamerschlag William death certificate page 2
    Memoirs of Dorothea Michael, 1963
    Memoirs of Dorothea Michael, 1963
    Editor's Note: I have not changed Aunt Dot's words, but in the PDF version have added pictures, both from pictures belonging to the Buyer family and some modern pictures of places described in the story. I have also added endnotes that seek to provide information about people and places. This is a work-in-progress, and I would appreciate any…
    Hamerschlag William Baltimore passenger list index 1864
    Hamerschlag William Baltimore passenger list index 1864
    Hamerschlag William Heimathschein (black and white)
    Hamerschlag William Heimathschein (black and white)
    Hamerschlag William Heimathschein citizenship--Bohemia
    Hamerschlag William Heimathschein citizenship--Bohemia
    Hamerschlag William naturalization card
    Hamerschlag William naturalization card
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 1
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 1
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 2
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 2
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 3
    Hamerschlag William naturalization page 3
    Hamerschlag William passenger list 1873
    Hamerschlag William passenger list 1873
    Hamerschlag William passenger list August 1864
    Hamerschlag William passenger list August 1864
    Hamerschlag William passenger list August 1864 detail
    Hamerschlag William passenger list August 1864 detail
    Hamerschlag William passport application 1873
    Hamerschlag William passport application 1873
    hamerschlag wilhelm birth 1841
    hamerschlag wilhelm birth 1841
    Hamerschlag William passport application 1903
    Hamerschlag William passport application 1903
    Hamerschlag William U.S. citizenship
    Hamerschlag William U.S. citizenship
    Michael Hamerschlag Leonia NJ 1900 census
    Michael Hamerschlag Leonia NJ 1900 census

  • Notes 
    • New York City Directory, 1869
      Hamerschlag Jacob, butcher, W. 23d n Fifth av. h 108 E. 52d
      Hamerschlag John, clerk, h 157 Av. A
      Hamerschlag Judel, refiner, 148 Chatham

      from New York City Directory, 1890:
      Hamerschlag William, clerk, h 2 Sutton pl.
      Hamerschlag's J., Sons, refiners, 129 Park row
      Hamerschlag Moses, pawnbroker, 129 Park row, h 176 E. 111th
      Hamerschlag M. & Co. pawnbrokers, 129 Park row
      Hamershlag Joseph, diamonds, 40 Maiden la. h 106 E. 64th

      Posting from Genforum about 19th Century Sutton Place:
      It certainly was not an upscale address in the 1890s. After the Civil War ended, the building of brownstones in the area transformed the once bucolic landscape, block by block, while the waterfront became a commercial sinkhole. By 1868, the beautiful bay was filled in, its charms sullied by slaughterhouses, packing sheds, cattle pens, rotting wharfs, and railroad piers. As waves of immigrants poured onto Manhattan's shores and the El trains commenced operations on Second and Third Avenues, the entire are from 42nd to 57th Streets drifted into the decay of crumbling tenements and tawdry rooming houses. In addition to Italian, German, Irish and Jewish immigrants, the area attracted the city's night people: actors, musicians, stagehands, and waiters who worked in the fine restaurants near Broadway. There was much ambitious building and renovation in the 1920s, which restored many of the brownstones into fashionable townhouses.

  • Sources 
    1. [S492] Michael, Dorothea.

    2. [S88] Bohemian citizenship papers.

    3. [S957] .

    4. [S540] Notebook of Edith Michael Buyer.

    5. [S185] Death Certificate.

    6. [S933] .

    7. [S271] Germans to America, (Family Archive CD #355), Internal Ref. #1.355.1.12412.31, [Q:3].

    8. [S291] Heimatschein of William Hamerschlag.

    9. [S746] Trow's NYC Directory 1868.

    10. [S747] Trow's NYC Directory 1870.

    11. [S83] Birth Certificate of Arthur Hamerschlag.

    12. [S134] castlegarden.org.

    13. [S154] City Directories of the United States, (microfilm series).

    14. [S61] Baltimore City Directory 1878, Woods.

    15. [S483] Medicine in Maryland, (http://www.mdhistoryonline.net/mdmedicine/cfm/index.cfm).

    16. [S815] Wolfe's Omaha City Directory 1881-2.

    17. [S748] Trow's NYC Directory 1890.

    18. [S227] Ellis Island Records.

    19. [S537] New York Times, obituary of Royal P. Hamerschlag, [Q:3].